« HLM rents, along with the designation of tenants, are subject to rules set by the state. Thus, the amount of rent per m2 is limited and the tenant must go through an allocation commission to obtain housing.

This commission examines applicants’ requests according to precise criteria, notably the income ceiling. Access to social housing is in fact conditioned to maximum resources: since the housing must allow modest households to benefit from lower rents than in the private sector, the income of households is necessarily limited.

As from 1979, it is the signature of an agreement between the social landlord (the one who builds and manages the social housing) and the State, which makes a housing unit enter the category of social housing.


The co-owners can benefit from aid to finance the work carried out in their accommodation or in the common parts and equipment of the co-ownership.

Thermal renovation work is necessary, such as the installation of a boiler in your building. Heavy work on the structure of the building is also necessary. You may also need to renovate the building or units to make them accessible to individuals with mobility difficulties.

You may be given financial support directly. It can also be paid to your condominium association if your condominium is in difficulty, or if it benefits from the Habiter Mieux – Copropriété assistance.

« In France, about a quarter of households live in condominiums, i.e. nearly 8 million homes. However, renovation projects in condominiums face particular difficulties: technical complexity of the projects, cumbersome financial and administrative engineering, decision-making procedures, ability to convince a sufficient number of co-owners and, ultimately, project deadlines.

Indeed, the status of the co-ownership is at the center of the problem and in particular its organization in front of the decision making. Adapted to a current management, the « sovereign » general assembly does not allow to tackle the issue of heavy energy renovation efficiently, because the different stakeholders, first and foremost the co-owners, depending for example on whether they are residents or landlords, have divergent interests. In addition to these divergences, there are also divergences between trustees, tenants, professionals and the public authorities » ademe


Under the Grand Plan d’Investissement, a set of financing tools for the energy renovation of local government buildings are therefore set up by the State, up to 3 billion euros.


The health sector includes health and medico-social establishments. With 2% of national energy consumption, this is fairly substantial compared to the tertiary sector, with heating and air conditioning as the main items…

In France, the health sector includes approximately 6,000 health establishments and 30,000 medico-social establishments. These public and private health establishments represent a surface area of more than 70 million m² and have an annual energy consumption of 21.5 TWh, i.e. 2% of the national energy consumption. Thus, heating and air conditioning represent on average 60% of the total energy consumption of hospitals and clinics.

In 2010, the average consumption of the health sector was 195 kWhep/m² (Source Ceren, chiffres clés du bâtiment édition 2013, ADEME), with 125 kWh/m² for heating and hot water, and 70 kWh/m² for other uses. This value is close to the average for the entire French tertiary sector, at 206 kWh/m².


The tertiary sector accounted for about 15% of energy demand in 2010. Within this sector, the retail and office sectors are the largest consumers, each with 204.6 million square meters heated, out of a total of 922 million square meters.

Given the high cost of energy, the energy consumption of an office building represents a significant portion of a company’s expenses. Controlling this consumption offers real savings potential for the following energy uses

  • heating and domestic hot water ;
  • lighting ;
  • ventilation and air conditioning;
  • electrical equipment.


An energy diagnostic can help you to start your energy saving process. It allows you to establish an assessment of your consumption and your uses and to identify the energy saving actions applicable to your equipment.

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